From JQuery to ReactJS

I have previously worked with ReactJS – most notably during my Master’s dissertation, however the main Javascript library I work with when working for clients and companies still remains the venerable JQuery. This is changing as more and more organizations I interact with move to more modern frameworks like Angular and ReactJS.

Where to start if you’re looking to upgrade your skills, or migrate a product from JQuery to ReactJS? Any tips? Here’s what we learned so far:

Be ready to change your mindset – but never give up

It’s not so much a learning curve as it is a roller coaster. Blogger Ben Nadel has an excellent drawing that I guarantee will also be your experience learning any JS framework; be it Angular or React:

feelings_about_angularjs_over_time
Pretty much…

What makes ReactJS so powerful compared to JQuery is the fact that it’s fundamentally different. Sometimes your own prior experience with JQuery will hamper you in learning React because of pre-conceived notions on how things should be done. Power through it – through all the ups and downs, the curve still has an upwards trend. Once you get to grips with the whole idea of unidirectional data flow,  components, props and states, React makes you a lot more productive. That said, there are a few things that helped me transition easier…

Create-react-app is a must

No doubt about it, the worst part of being a newbie is getting used to the new tools, environments, moving parts and components of your new pipeline. Create-react-app is your savior here. Not only does it setup your dev environment in a few simple commands, you can rest assured that it’s doing so according to industry best practices (which eases those nagging questions at the back of your brain: “Am I doing this right?”). One very useful article I found was how to configure create-react-app to proxy through API requests directly to my back-end:

How to get “create-react-app” to work with your API

Unleash the power of reusable components

It takes banging your head with few project requirements to realize just how powerful and useful React Components are. In reality, the whole point of using React is to define a component once:

class David extends React.Component {
      render() {
                   return (<h1>David says hi...</h1>);
      }
}

… and then re-using that component over and over again as a “normal” HTML attribute

 <David />

 Thing is, when clever people start publishing their own components, you can re-use these components and requirements that took days before now take you minutes. These components could be anything, my favorite so far:

cryptoportfolio
Applying Google’s MDL to React JS becomes a breeze…

Redux-Saga vs Redux-Thunk

Talking about Dexie.js brings me to my next point. One of the aspects of Redux that always caught me with my pants down was the inability of reducers to process async functions (it seems logical in hindsight – an async function returns a handle to a future result such as a Promise – not the actual result). This is something you need to keep in mind since some very common requirements like fetching data from an API or indeed using libraries like Dexie require you to use async functions.

In order to tackle this, redux-thunk was born. A nice and easy blog post on how to use it can be found here:

http://blog.nojaf.com/2015/12/06/redux-thunk/

Coming from a JQuery background, I was already used to the idea that events are used to trigger certain actions – just like in redux actions are used to trigger reducers that in turn change your state. The redux-thunk approach of defining an async function within an action ran a bit contrary to my thinking – an “action creator” as the blog above refers to it. It would be easier (to my JQuery mind) to have a function that “listens” for an async action, performs that async action, and then returns another action with the result for your dispatch to process. This thought process resonated more with me (again, coming from an event / subscription model). In other words:

Redux-Saga Workflow

As you can see, this is where Redux-Saga enters the picture. This redux middleware listens for specified actions (usually you’d specify those that need to trigger async actions like API operations or Dexie.js), runs a function to deal with the async actions (tip: definitely try stick to using the yield keyword..) and then dispatches another action with the results that your usual redux reducers can then pick up. I guess it comes down to personal preference, but this paradigm was a lot easier to deal with in my head

Always try code a simple / sample project while learning

In my case most of my learning was done through reading documentation and via code-academy. My side / sample project was to build a web app that tracks my cryptocurrency investments, incorporating features like indexeddb via Dexie.js, API calls via Saga and so on…

https://github.com/dvas0004/react-crytoportfolio

http://dvas0004.github.io/

(Note sparklines only work if you visit the page at least twice from the same browser – the app has no server side components, it runs entirely in the browser so the sparklines represent change in crytocurrency price since your last visit)

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Using Technology to enable the creation of an open & decentralized government

Catch my recent guest blog post about using PKI, blockchain, Tor and cryptography to enable decentralized, transparent voting – supporting an open and honest government