Elasticsearch REST API: JEST upsert

I’ve already written about tips and tricks when using the Elasticsearch Java API. The Elasticsearch REST API has been going from strength to strength, and it seems that going forward the Elasticsearch team will focus more on the REST API than the native JAVA client. At the time of writing however, the official java REST library doesn’t seem to have support for the abstraction of the bulk API, so I followed some advice and looked into the JEST library.

The only snag with the Jest library is that when it comes to bulk operations, the documentation only gives examples of scripted updates. The Elasticsearch update API also allows for updates using partial documents. Jest supports this functionality, but I couldn’t find good documentation for this. Here-under is an example for anyone looking for this:

The important points:

  • You can still use the official java elasticsearch client’s “XContentFactory.jsonBuilder” library to more easily build your JSON objects.
  • The trick is in line 26 above:


This creates a nested object with “doc” as the inner JSON object, as outlined by the elasticsearch documentation:

    "doc" : {
        "name" : "new_name"

The first “startObject()” creates the outer curly brackets, while the second startObject(“doc”) creates the inner “doc” object.

  • We add content to the JSON object in lines 27-29
  • Just like we had to use two startObject() calls, we need to close the object with two endObject() calls as shown in line 31

The rest of the snippet deals with the actual bulk update. We pass the object we just created into an Update Builder, which gives us a “Bulkable Object” that we can pass on to the jest bulk processor. The snippet is taken from a larger program where it resides in a loop – which explains the if/else clause in lines 37-48; it’s important to “flush” the bulk service every so often. The native java client would to this automatically – so far in Jest you need to account for this yourself









React JS : Tables in the browser

A good exersize while learning React JS was building a re-usable component that produces HTML tables given an arbitrary JSON array of objects in the form:

[{'col1_name':'col1_value','col2_name':'col2_value'} ,

So a practical example of the above would be:


With the resulting table being:


Here’s the reusable code (feel free to improve/include in your projects):

A couple of lessons from the above:

  • Concatenating React JSX objects: JSX objects are usually used in the “render” function, in the case of the table it was necessary to concatenate JSX object in lines 31-36.  This is relatively easy by storing the object in an array with the javascript push array function. It’s noteworthy that only complete objects will be parsed correctly. In other words, this is not valid:

    But this is valid:


    Which is why we need to nest JSX objects as per lines 41-44.

  • “Exporting” react components when working in the browser: in the last line you see the code:
    window.__ReactTable__ = ReactTable

    Which allows you simply copy the javascript file in your project folder, and reference it normally using a <script> tag. To use the react component you simply need a single line as follows:

    var ReactTable = window.__ReactTable__

    which then allows you to use the component along these lines, using react props to pass the data to the table component: